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Causes of Injury in Sport

by Zamst

There are many situations that can result in a sports-related injury and being aware of these risk factors goes a long way in preventing them. A sneak peek into the causes of the most common sports injuries paints a clear picture of the culprits behind them. The following just scratches the surface of the different circumstances that can lead up to an injury; they include but are not limited to:


  • Muscle imbalance
  • Weakened muscles, bones, tendons, or ligaments
  • Fatigue
  • Previous injury
  • Increase in activity or mileage
  • Change in playing surface
  • Hormone levels (females)
  • Dehydration
  • Change in or poor equipment
  • Heat related
  • Change in climate
  • Poor mechanics
  • Overtraining
  • Lack of nutrients
  • Functional discrepancies
  • Structural discrepancies


Although, there is no cookie cutter prevention method for the previous circumstance, there are steps that can be taken to reduce common injuries in sport. Proper rest, nutrition, and hydration are at the forefront of prevention as this sets the baseline for the body to work properly. In addition, strengthening your muscles, conducting proprioceptive exercises, and increasing activity at a gradual state will help your musculoskeletal system acclimate properly. Lastly, having a great coach and Athletic Trainer will help ensure reduction of both chronic and acute injuries throughout activity. With all of these prevention techniques, the athlete will reduce their instance of injury and continue to play at a high level in their field.


Jessica Thomas MS, ATC, CHC



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